About PEA
Economic Links
Contact PEA

Proceedings of PEA Annual Conference

Each year, the PEA publishes the Proceedings of its annual conference on CD-ROM. Papers of presenters as well as discussants may be included in the proceedings. Only those papers that are actually presented can be included in the proceedings.  Please note that the PEA reserves the right to reject any paper that is judged inappropriate for publication in the Proceedings.

Copies of papers from past Proceedings may be obtained by contacting the Secretary of the PEA.  Please note that the PEA will charge a US$150.00 search and handling fee for each paper request processed.  Alternatively, near complete collections of past Proceedings may be found at the libraries of Clarion University of Pennsylvania and the University of Pittsburgh at Johnstown.

Proceedings from past conferences may be found at this link.



(You can download these guidelines for manuscript preparations in MS Word format).


Please follow these format instructions carefully. Your paper will be not printed in the Pennsylvania Economic Association Proceedings unless you conform to these guidelines. No paper may exceed 12 pages (including appendices and references). Edit your paper if necessary to satisfy this limit. These guidelines are an example of what your paper should look like when submitted.


The title of your paper should be in bold type, all caps, single-spaced, and centered across the top of both columns on the first page. The paper must be typed in 10 point type, Times Roman font.

The author(s), affiliation(s), and complete address(es) should be single-spaced and centered on the second line below the title. Do not use titles such as Dr., Professor, etc.

Use bold type for all headings. First-level headings should be centered and capitalized. Subheadings should be flush left with initial caps. Please do not use more than two levels of headings. Place a one line space between the heading and the text.

An abstract of approximately 100 words should precede the paper. The heading "ABSTRACT" should appear centered above the single-spaced abstract. No space should appear between the heading and the abstract text.

The body should be single-spaced, 10 point type, Times Roman font. Print on a high-quality laser printer. The hard copies should be camera ready. (Programs that print mathematical formulas in italic type with slightly smaller font sizes are acceptable.)

All paragraphs should begin flush left (no indent). Justify the margins. Double-space between paragraphs, and before and after headings. Triple-space after the last author's address in the title before beginning the abstract.


  1. The distance from the tope of the paper to the top of the first line should be 1.0"
  2. The distance from the bottom of the last line of type on the page to the bottom edge of the paper should be 1.0".
  3. Each column should be 3.44".
  4. The left margin should be .69". The right margin should be .68".
  5. The margin between the two columns of text should be .25".

Page numbers
Do not type in page numbers - pencil numbers on back of pages.

In-Text referencing
Use the author(s) last names followed by the year of the publication in parentheses, i.e., Becker(1993), Blinder and Solow (1994), Sweeney et. Al.(1983). If more than one reference is cited use the following format: (Meikle, 1990; Carry, 1991; Sykes, 1994).

All equations should be placed on separate lines (with a line space between the equation and the text) and numbered. Equation numbers should be placed in parentheses and aligned against the right margin.

Figures and Tables
Figures and tables should be placed at the end of the body of the text and before the endnotes, appendices and references. They need not be double columned. Each table should be headed by a table or figure number and title. All figures and tables are to be done in a professional manner and must meet the criterion of photo reproduction. Symbols or parts of a figure that cannot be produced by computer must be drawn in carefully in black ink. If necessary, you may photo-reduce figures and tables and insert them into the paper. Use paste or glue sticks, not tape, to paste down. Avoid paste ups when possible.

Omit all footnotes if possible. Otherwise, report the footnotes at the end of the paper and call the section "Endnotes".

Appendices should immediately follow the endnotes section of the paper (if you have one). Otherwise, appendices should immediately follow the body of the paper. Use a first-level heading "APPENDIX"). If there is more than one appendix, number each on consecutively and include the number in the first-level heading.

References should be listed at the end of the paper (after endnotes and appendices). This section should have a first-level heading "REFERENCES" and followed by a single line space. Entries should appear in alphabetical order by the first author's last name.

The following are some examples:

Fels, Rendigs. 1990. Teaching students how to learn economics. In The principles of economics course, ed. P. Saunders and W. Walstad. St Lousi, Mo: McGraw-Hill.

Johnson, D.W., R. Johnson, and K. Smith. 1991. Active learning: Cooperation in the college classroom. Edina, MN: Interaction Book Company.

Lopus, J. and N. Maxwell. 1995. Teaching tools: Should we teach microeconomic principles before macroeconomic principles? Economic Inquiry. 33, April 1995: 326-50.

If the paper is too long to include references, the author(s) may substitute the following note for the list of references: "References available upon request from [Name of Author]."


Discussants are also required to format their paper in double-columns with 10 point type, with Times Roman font. The same margins should be observed and page numbers should be omitted. Discussant comments must be limited to two pages. The first line of the title should read: "DISCUSSANT COMMENTS:" The second line should be the title of the paper on which they are commenting. The title should be capitalized, single-spaced, bold, and centered. Skip one line and follow by name, address, and affiliation in the manner described above. Headings may be used in the discussant comments. The discussants should not have any abstract, subheadings or appendices. Endnotes, references and figures are to be avoided. If in-text references and a reference section are necessary, the same format described above should be used.



Home | About PEA | Membership | Conferences | Publications | Econ Links | Downloads | Contact PEA
Back to PEA Home Page
Please send comments to Webmaster.